Trailers are huge transport machines that are non-steered and non-powered. They are hooked at the back of a vehicle, particularly a truck, and are used for transporting cargos or any large and heavy equipment. Vehicles that can be attached with a trailer are minimal. A vehicle must have the capability of handling the weight of the trailer or else it will not be able to pull it along. Other than that, even a capable vehicle can be attached with any trailer. There are various factors that you need to be aware of for the safety of everyone on the road.
One of the factors that can affect your steering and stability while driving a truck with trailer is wind. Wind may catch you off guard, especially while on wide roads. Large and heavy vehicles may not be affected by even the strongest winds, but when attached with a trailer, things will set off differently. As previously mentioned, trailers are non-steered. The control of the direction where the trailer will be going is all based on your maneuvering with the vehicle’s steering wheel.
Elongated trailers are more prone to instability when struck with high-pressure winds due to their length. The longer the trailer means the more difficult for it to be controlled mainly due to the huge gap from the vehicle and the hind wheels.
Another factor that could affect the trailer’s stability on the road is the surface on which you drive on. Trailers have less sophisticated suspensions than most standard vehicles. A small bump can cause stability problems on the trailer. In some case, the load will be shifted to a different direction. Huge trailers are not recommended to be driven on unpaved roads because there are more chances of uneven terrain and large bumps on the surface. In cases where rural unpaved roads are the only option, drivers have to maintain driving at prolonged speeds to keep the trailer from steering on its own.
The performance of the trailer might also be affected by the type of load it carries. The load has a significant cause on how towing vehicles behave on the road. The easiest to pull are loads that are low and static. The explanation for this is due to the low center of gravity of the load, which makes it stationary. Tall loads are more susceptible to rolling over at high speeds. They have high center of mass, which makes them very easy to lose traction. Towing animals can also be quite tricky. It requires a bit of vehicle handling skills because live animals move quite a lot. Big animals, such as pigs and horses, will cause slight instability on the trailer when they move.
Some other factors affect the instability of trailers attached to trucks. Some of them may be insignificant in normal conditions, but tragedies may happen because of them. Knowing those factors can help improve your safety on the road.